chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed Class Reference

Description

A motor that enforces the angular speed w(t) between two frames on two bodies, using a rheonomic constraint.

Note: no compliance is allowed, so if the actuator hits an undeformable obstacle it hits a pathological situation and the solver result can be unstable/unpredictable. Think at it as a servo drive with "infinitely stiff" control. This type of motor is very easy to use, stable and efficient, and should be used if the 'infinitely stiff' control assumption is a good approximation of what you simulate (e.g., very good and reactive controllers). By default it is initialized with constant angular speed: df/dt = 1. Use SetSpeedFunction() to change to other speed functions.

#include <ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed.h>

Inheritance diagram for chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed:
Collaboration diagram for chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed:

Public Member Functions

 ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed (const ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed &other)
 
virtual ChLinkMotorRotationSpeedClone () const override
 "Virtual" copy constructor (covariant return type).
 
void SetSpeedFunction (const std::shared_ptr< ChFunction > function)
 Set the angular speed function of time w(t). More...
 
std::shared_ptr< ChFunctionGetSpeedFunction () const
 Get the angular speed function w(t).
 
void SetAngleOffset (double mo)
 Get initial offset, in [rad]. By default = 0.
 
double GetAngleOffset ()
 Get initial offset, in [rad].
 
void SetAvoidAngleDrift (bool mb)
 Set if the constraint must avoid angular drift. More...
 
bool GetAvoidAngleDrift ()
 Set if the constraint is in "avoid angle drift" mode.
 
virtual double GetMotorTorque () const override
 Get the current actuator reaction torque [Nm].
 
void Update (double mytime, bool update_assets=true) override
 Update state of the LinkMotor.
 
virtual int GetDOF () override
 Get the number of scalar coordinates (variables), if any, in this item. More...
 
ChVariablesGenericVariables ()
 
virtual void IntStateGather (const unsigned int off_x, ChState &x, const unsigned int off_v, ChStateDelta &v, double &T) override
 From item's state to global state vectors y={x,v} pasting the states at the specified offsets. More...
 
virtual void IntStateScatter (const unsigned int off_x, const ChState &x, const unsigned int off_v, const ChStateDelta &v, const double T, bool full_update) override
 From global state vectors y={x,v} to item's state (and update) fetching the states at the specified offsets. More...
 
virtual void IntStateGatherAcceleration (const unsigned int off_a, ChStateDelta &a) override
 From item's state acceleration to global acceleration vector. More...
 
virtual void IntStateScatterAcceleration (const unsigned int off_a, const ChStateDelta &a) override
 From global acceleration vector to item's state acceleration. More...
 
virtual void IntLoadResidual_F (const unsigned int off, ChVectorDynamic<> &R, const double c) override
 Takes the F force term, scale and adds to R at given offset: R += c*F. More...
 
virtual void IntLoadResidual_Mv (const unsigned int off, ChVectorDynamic<> &R, const ChVectorDynamic<> &w, const double c) override
 Takes the M*v term, multiplying mass by a vector, scale and adds to R at given offset: R += c*M*w. More...
 
virtual void IntLoadLumpedMass_Md (const unsigned int off, ChVectorDynamic<> &Md, double &err, const double c) override
 Adds the lumped mass to a Md vector, representing a mass diagonal matrix. More...
 
virtual void IntToDescriptor (const unsigned int off_v, const ChStateDelta &v, const ChVectorDynamic<> &R, const unsigned int off_L, const ChVectorDynamic<> &L, const ChVectorDynamic<> &Qc) override
 Prepare variables and constraints to accommodate a solution: More...
 
virtual void IntFromDescriptor (const unsigned int off_v, ChStateDelta &v, const unsigned int off_L, ChVectorDynamic<> &L) override
 After a solver solution, fetch values from variables and constraints into vectors: More...
 
virtual void IntLoadConstraint_Ct (const unsigned int off, ChVectorDynamic<> &Qc, const double c) override
 Takes the term Ct, scale and adds to Qc at given offset: Qc += c*Ct. More...
 
virtual void VariablesFbReset () override
 Sets the 'fb' part (the known term) of the encapsulated ChVariables to zero.
 
virtual void VariablesFbLoadForces (double factor=1) override
 Adds the current forces (applied to item) into the encapsulated ChVariables, in the 'fb' part: qf+=forces*factor.
 
virtual void VariablesQbLoadSpeed () override
 Initialize the 'qb' part of the ChVariables with the current value of speeds. More...
 
virtual void VariablesFbIncrementMq () override
 Adds M*q (masses multiplied current 'qb') to Fb, ex. More...
 
virtual void VariablesQbSetSpeed (double step=0) override
 Fetches the item speed (ex. More...
 
virtual void InjectVariables (ChSystemDescriptor &mdescriptor) override
 Tell to a system descriptor that there are variables of type ChVariables in this object (for further passing it to a solver) Basically does nothing, but maybe that inherited classes may specialize this.
 
virtual void ConstraintsBiLoad_Ct (double factor=1) override
 Adds the current Ct (partial t-derivative, as in C_dt=0-> [Cq]*q_dt=-Ct) to the known term (b_i) of encapsulated ChConstraints.
 
virtual void KRMmatricesLoad (double Kfactor, double Rfactor, double Mfactor) override
 Add the current stiffness K matrix in encapsulated ChKblock item(s), if any. More...
 
virtual void ArchiveOut (ChArchiveOut &marchive) override
 Method to allow serialization of transient data to archives.
 
virtual void ArchiveIn (ChArchiveIn &marchive) override
 Method to allow deserialization of transient data from archives. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from chrono::ChPhysicsItem
 ChPhysicsItem (const ChPhysicsItem &other)
 
ChSystemGetSystem () const
 Get the pointer to the parent ChSystem().
 
virtual void SetSystem (ChSystem *m_system)
 Set the pointer to the parent ChSystem(). More...
 
void AddVisualModel (std::shared_ptr< ChVisualModel > model)
 Add an (optional) visualization model. More...
 
std::shared_ptr< ChVisualModelGetVisualModel () const
 Access the visualization model (if any). More...
 
void AddVisualShape (std::shared_ptr< ChVisualShape > shape, const ChFrame<> &frame=ChFrame<>())
 Add the specified visual shape to the visualization model. More...
 
std::shared_ptr< ChVisualShapeGetVisualShape (unsigned int i) const
 Access the specified visualization shape in the visualization model (if any). More...
 
void AddVisualShapeFEA (std::shared_ptr< ChVisualShapeFEA > shapeFEA)
 Add the specified FEA visualization object to the visualization model. More...
 
std::shared_ptr< ChVisualShapeFEAGetVisualShapeFEA (unsigned int i) const
 Access the specified FEA visualization object in the visualization model (if any). More...
 
virtual unsigned int GetNumVisualModelClones () const
 Return the number of clones of the visual model associated with this physics item. More...
 
void AddCamera (std::shared_ptr< ChCamera > camera)
 Attach a ChCamera to this physical item. More...
 
std::vector< std::shared_ptr< ChCamera > > GetCameras () const
 Get the set of cameras attached to this physics item.
 
virtual bool GetCollide () const
 Tell if the object is subject to collision. More...
 
virtual void AddCollisionModelsToSystem (ChCollisionSystem *coll_sys) const
 Add to the provided collision system any collision models managed by this physics item. More...
 
virtual void RemoveCollisionModelsFromSystem (ChCollisionSystem *coll_sys) const
 Remove from the provided collision system any collision models managed by this physics item. More...
 
virtual void SyncCollisionModels ()
 Synchronize the position and bounding box of any collsion models managed by this physics item.
 
virtual geometry::ChAABB GetTotalAABB ()
 Get the entire AABB axis-aligned bounding box of the object. More...
 
virtual void GetCenter (ChVector<> &mcenter)
 Get a symbolic 'center' of the object. More...
 
virtual void StreamInstate (ChStreamInBinary &mstream)
 Method to deserialize only the state (position, speed) Must be implemented by child classes.
 
virtual void StreamOutstate (ChStreamOutBinary &mstream)
 Method to serialize only the state (position, speed) Must be implemented by child classes.
 
virtual void Setup ()
 This might recompute the number of coordinates, DOFs, constraints, in case this might change (ex in ChAssembly), as well as state offsets of contained items (ex in ChMesh)
 
virtual void SetNoSpeedNoAcceleration ()
 Set zero speed (and zero accelerations) in state, without changing the position. More...
 
virtual int GetDOF_w ()
 Get the number of scalar coordinates of variables derivatives (usually = DOF, but might be different than DOF, ex. More...
 
unsigned int GetOffset_x ()
 Get offset in the state vector (position part)
 
unsigned int GetOffset_w ()
 Get offset in the state vector (speed part)
 
unsigned int GetOffset_L ()
 Get offset in the lagrangian multipliers.
 
void SetOffset_x (const unsigned int moff)
 Set offset in the state vector (position part) Note: only the ChSystem::Setup function should use this.
 
void SetOffset_w (const unsigned int moff)
 Set offset in the state vector (speed part) Note: only the ChSystem::Setup function should use this.
 
void SetOffset_L (const unsigned int moff)
 Set offset in the lagrangian multipliers Note: only the ChSystem::Setup function should use this.
 
virtual void IntStateIncrement (const unsigned int off_x, ChState &x_new, const ChState &x, const unsigned int off_v, const ChStateDelta &Dv)
 Computes x_new = x + Dt , using vectors at specified offsets. More...
 
virtual void IntStateGetIncrement (const unsigned int off_x, const ChState &x_new, const ChState &x, const unsigned int off_v, ChStateDelta &Dv)
 Computes Dt = x_new - x, using vectors at specified offsets. More...
 
virtual void VariablesQbIncrementPosition (double step)
 Increment item positions by the 'qb' part of the ChVariables, multiplied by a 'step' factor. More...
 
virtual void ConstraintsBiLoad_Qc (double factor=1)
 Adds the current Qc (the vector of C_dtdt=0 -> [Cq]*q_dtdt=Qc ) to the known term (b_i) of encapsulated ChConstraints.
 
virtual void ConstraintsFbLoadForces (double factor=1)
 Adds the current link-forces, if any, (caused by springs, etc.) to the 'fb' vectors of the ChVariables referenced by encapsulated ChConstraints.
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from chrono::ChObj
 ChObj (const ChObj &other)
 
int GetIdentifier () const
 Gets the numerical identifier of the object.
 
void SetIdentifier (int id)
 Sets the numerical identifier of the object.
 
double GetChTime () const
 Gets the simulation time of this object.
 
void SetChTime (double m_time)
 Sets the simulation time of this object.
 
const char * GetName () const
 Gets the name of the object as C Ascii null-terminated string -for reading only!
 
void SetName (const char myname[])
 Sets the name of this object, as ascii string.
 
std::string GetNameString () const
 Gets the name of the object as C Ascii null-terminated string.
 
void SetNameString (const std::string &myname)
 Sets the name of this object, as std::string.
 
void MFlagsSetAllOFF (int &mflag)
 
void MFlagsSetAllON (int &mflag)
 
void MFlagSetON (int &mflag, int mask)
 
void MFlagSetOFF (int &mflag, int mask)
 
int MFlagGet (int &mflag, int mask)
 
virtual std::string & ArchiveContainerName ()
 

Additional Inherited Members

 Type of guide constraint.
- Protected Attributes inherited from chrono::ChPhysicsItem
ChSystemsystem
 parent system
 
std::shared_ptr< ChVisualModelInstancevis_model_instance
 instantiated visualization model
 
std::vector< std::shared_ptr< ChCamera > > cameras
 set of cameras
 
unsigned int offset_x
 offset in vector of state (position part)
 
unsigned int offset_w
 offset in vector of state (speed part)
 
unsigned int offset_L
 offset in vector of lagrangian multipliers
 
- Protected Attributes inherited from chrono::ChObj
double ChTime
 the time of simulation for the object
 

Member Function Documentation

◆ ArchiveIn()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::ArchiveIn ( ChArchiveIn marchive)
overridevirtual

Method to allow deserialization of transient data from archives.

Method to allow de serialization of transient data from archives.

Reimplemented from chrono::ChLinkMotorRotation.

◆ GetDOF()

virtual int chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::GetDOF ( )
inlineoverridevirtual

Get the number of scalar coordinates (variables), if any, in this item.

Children classes must override this.

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntFromDescriptor()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntFromDescriptor ( const unsigned int  off_v,
ChStateDelta v,
const unsigned int  off_L,
ChVectorDynamic<> &  L 
)
overridevirtual

After a solver solution, fetch values from variables and constraints into vectors:

Parameters
off_voffset for v
vvector to where the q 'unknowns' term of the variables will be copied
off_Loffset for L
Lvector to where L 'lagrangian ' term of the constraints will be copied

Reimplemented from chrono::ChLinkMateGeneric.

◆ IntLoadConstraint_Ct()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntLoadConstraint_Ct ( const unsigned int  off,
ChVectorDynamic<> &  Qc,
const double  c 
)
overridevirtual

Takes the term Ct, scale and adds to Qc at given offset: Qc += c*Ct.

Parameters
offoffset in Qc residual
Qcresult: the Qc residual, Qc += c*Ct
ca scaling factor

Reimplemented from chrono::ChLinkMateGeneric.

◆ IntLoadLumpedMass_Md()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntLoadLumpedMass_Md ( const unsigned int  off,
ChVectorDynamic<> &  Md,
double &  err,
const double  c 
)
overridevirtual

Adds the lumped mass to a Md vector, representing a mass diagonal matrix.

Used by lumped explicit integrators. If mass lumping is impossible or approximate, adds scalar error to "error" parameter. Md += c*diag(M)

Parameters
offoffset in Md vector
Mdresult: Md vector, diagonal of the lumped mass matrix
errresult: not touched if lumping does not introduce errors
ca scaling factor

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntLoadResidual_F()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntLoadResidual_F ( const unsigned int  off,
ChVectorDynamic<> &  R,
const double  c 
)
overridevirtual

Takes the F force term, scale and adds to R at given offset: R += c*F.

Parameters
offoffset in R residual
Rresult: the R residual, R += c*F
ca scaling factor

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntLoadResidual_Mv()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntLoadResidual_Mv ( const unsigned int  off,
ChVectorDynamic<> &  R,
const ChVectorDynamic<> &  w,
const double  c 
)
overridevirtual

Takes the M*v term, multiplying mass by a vector, scale and adds to R at given offset: R += c*M*w.

Parameters
offoffset in R residual
Rresult: the R residual, R += c*M*v
wthe w vector
ca scaling factor

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntStateGather()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntStateGather ( const unsigned int  off_x,
ChState x,
const unsigned int  off_v,
ChStateDelta v,
double &  T 
)
overridevirtual

From item's state to global state vectors y={x,v} pasting the states at the specified offsets.

Parameters
off_xoffset in x state vector
xstate vector, position part
off_voffset in v state vector
vstate vector, speed part
Ttime

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntStateGatherAcceleration()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntStateGatherAcceleration ( const unsigned int  off_a,
ChStateDelta a 
)
overridevirtual

From item's state acceleration to global acceleration vector.

Parameters
off_aoffset in a accel. vector
aacceleration part of state vector derivative

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntStateScatter()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntStateScatter ( const unsigned int  off_x,
const ChState x,
const unsigned int  off_v,
const ChStateDelta v,
const double  T,
bool  full_update 
)
overridevirtual

From global state vectors y={x,v} to item's state (and update) fetching the states at the specified offsets.

Parameters
off_xoffset in x state vector
xstate vector, position part
off_voffset in v state vector
vstate vector, speed part
Ttime
full_updateperform complete update

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntStateScatterAcceleration()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntStateScatterAcceleration ( const unsigned int  off_a,
const ChStateDelta a 
)
overridevirtual

From global acceleration vector to item's state acceleration.

Parameters
off_aoffset in a accel. vector
aacceleration part of state vector derivative

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ IntToDescriptor()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::IntToDescriptor ( const unsigned int  off_v,
const ChStateDelta v,
const ChVectorDynamic<> &  R,
const unsigned int  off_L,
const ChVectorDynamic<> &  L,
const ChVectorDynamic<> &  Qc 
)
overridevirtual

Prepare variables and constraints to accommodate a solution:

Parameters
off_voffset for v and R
vvector copied into the q 'unknowns' term of the variables
Rvector copied into the F 'force' term of the variables
off_Loffset for L and Qc
Lvector copied into the L 'lagrangian ' term of the constraints
Qcvector copied into the Qb 'constraint' term of the constraints

Reimplemented from chrono::ChLinkMateGeneric.

◆ KRMmatricesLoad()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::KRMmatricesLoad ( double  Kfactor,
double  Rfactor,
double  Mfactor 
)
overridevirtual

Add the current stiffness K matrix in encapsulated ChKblock item(s), if any.

The K matrices are load with scaling values Kfactor.

Reimplemented from chrono::ChLinkMateGeneric.

◆ SetAvoidAngleDrift()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::SetAvoidAngleDrift ( bool  mb)
inline

Set if the constraint must avoid angular drift.

If true, it means that the constraint is satisfied also at the rotation level, by integrating the velocity in a separate auxiliary state. Default, true.

◆ SetSpeedFunction()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::SetSpeedFunction ( const std::shared_ptr< ChFunction function)
inline

Set the angular speed function of time w(t).

To prevent acceleration pikes, this function should be C0 continuous.

◆ VariablesFbIncrementMq()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::VariablesFbIncrementMq ( )
overridevirtual

Adds M*q (masses multiplied current 'qb') to Fb, ex.

if qb is initialized with v_old using VariablesQbLoadSpeed, this method can be used in timestepping schemes that do: M*v_new = M*v_old + forces*dt

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ VariablesQbLoadSpeed()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::VariablesQbLoadSpeed ( )
overridevirtual

Initialize the 'qb' part of the ChVariables with the current value of speeds.

Note: since 'qb' is the unknown, this function seems unnecessary, unless used before VariablesFbIncrementMq()

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.

◆ VariablesQbSetSpeed()

void chrono::ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed::VariablesQbSetSpeed ( double  step = 0)
overridevirtual

Fetches the item speed (ex.

linear and angular vel.in rigid bodies) from the 'qb' part of the ChVariables and sets it as the current item speed. If 'step' is not 0, also should compute the approximate acceleration of the item using backward differences, that is accel=(new_speed-old_speed)/step. Mostly used after the solver provided the solution in ChVariables.

Reimplemented from chrono::ChPhysicsItem.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files:
  • /builds/uwsbel/chrono/src/chrono/physics/ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed.h
  • /builds/uwsbel/chrono/src/chrono/physics/ChLinkMotorRotationSpeed.cpp